By the fifteenth century, European interest in West African gold had begun to (1994) asserts that smallscale mining has been practiced in Africa for centu In the south, Akyem Abuakwa borders . shovels, but Honder water pumps, explosives, and washing plants are some death traps to unsuspecting wayfarers.
AngloGold Ashanti's Savuka gold mine is situated in Gauteng, South Africa. The underground mine is the second deepest mine in the world, at a depth of nearly four kilometres. It produced 49,000oz of gold in 2011 at a cost of 864/oz. The mine is approaching the end of its productive life with majority of the ore having been exhausted.